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Study co-writer Ronald Gray says the trial was completed because previous studies showed that circumcision, which is currently recommended as an efficient way to lessen HIV transmission, developed contradictory and problematic benefits. Related StoriesNew initiative launched to accelerate seek out effective HIV vaccineSafe, effective douche-based rectal microbicide can prevent HIV in gay menStudy evaluates efficiency of antiretroviral treatment in HIV-infected childrenGray says they were often highly selective because there were medical indications for medical procedures and in most research sample sizes were little and follow-up was short. Some studies recommend circumcision can cut male HIV contamination by up to 50 percent because specific cells in the foreskin could be potential targets for HIV infection, while the skin under the foreskin could become less sensitive and less inclined to bleed, reducing the risk of infection following circumcision thus.‘As such, prejudice may arise partly because perceivers believe that outgroup users’ mental states usually do not match their own and, appropriately, mentalize in a non-self-referential method about the thoughts of individuals from different groups. ‘With out a self-referential basis for mentalizing about outgroup people, perceivers may rely seriously on precomputed judgments–such as stereotypes–to make state of mind inferences about extremely dissimilar others. ‘This look at shows that a critical technique for reducing prejudice could be to breach the arbitrary boundaries predicated on public group membership by concentrating rather on the shared similarity between oneself and outgroup associates,’ concluded Mitchell and his co-workers.

Chronic musculoskeletal pain influenced by genetics By Lucy Piper, Senior medwireNews Reporter Children of parents with chronic musculoskeletal discomfort are in increased risk of also experiencing such discomfort as adults, a big family-linkage study shows.