Significant grey-matter volume increases were observed after 90 days of constant positive airway pressure therapy in hippocampal and frontal structures. No further improvement in gray-matter volume was observed after twelve months of CPAP therapy. ‘OSA individuals showed cognitive impairment associated with neurostructural harm affecting specific cerebral areas,’ said principal investigator Vincenza Castronovo, PhD, scientific psychologist and psychotherapist and sleep laboratory coordinator at the University Vita-Salute San Raffaele and San Raffaele Scientific Institute in Milan, Italy. ‘In addition, we show that most of the neuropsychological deficits are reversed after three months of treatment with CPAP and, for the very first time, that such cognitive improvements parallel a rise of grey-matter quantity in particular hippocampal and frontal human brain regions.For example, regarding visible and spatial skills, the kids with autism were extremely proficient at finding small items in a cluttered visible field, on jobs like locating Waldo in the Where’s Waldo picture books series. Nevertheless, when asked to execute a complex task, like informing the difference between your real faces of identical looking people, they had great problems. Although their memory space for the details in a tale was phenomenal, the kids with autism acquired great problems comprehending the story. Many were highly effective in spelling and had an excellent command of grammar, but had problems understanding complex numbers of speech, like metaphors and idioms. We discover this with our individuals, Dr.